Paschke Danskin Double Loft / 3six0 Architecture

first_img “COPY” Photographs: John Horner Photography Text description provided by the architects. An artist and her engineer husband had recently purchased a loft in Providence’s jewelry district. 3six0 Architecture was asked to convert the loft into a live/work area for the two individuals, maintaining distinct spaces to be uniquely designed for each client. Save this picture!© John Horner PhotographyRecommended ProductsSkylightsVELUX CommercialLonglight 5-30° – Modular SkylightsCeramicsTerrealTerracotta Baguettes in Vork CenterSkylightsJansenRoof Glazing – VISSCeramicsGrespaniaWall Tiles – Wabi SabiThe “double loft” owners challenged 3six0 to acknowledge their long and committed relation, while celebrating their uniqueness and personal penchants. Programmatically, most spaces remain separate and duplicate; a sun room, entry, and utility room are the only spaces planned with equal access. Save this picture!© John Horner PhotographyBefore the loft could read coherently, it had to be divided. The trapezoidal geometry of the untreated space, determined by the surrounding urban fabric, had plenty of bumps, angles, and awkwardly located columns to impose any simple division of the space. A long-angled side skewed to the column grid accommodated his affinity for the most difficult and dynamic condition, while the simplicity of the traditional columned area appealed to her receptivities. Save this picture!© John Horner PhotographyShe likes illuminated, airy, and serene spaces; he likes raw materials, grilling steaks and working on cars. From those clues, 3six0 developed two architectural characters, “cloud” and “stack.” “Cloud” floats, grows down from the ceiling, has soft rounded corners and appears seamless, immaterial, white, or translucent. “Stack” is very constructed; you can see the parts, the angular adjustments and the material, usually wood or mdf with steel details. The two loft spaces were organized by mingling cloud and stack into walls and storage spaces. Each character is positioned accordingly, stack on his side and cloud on hers, however, one is never in isolation from the other. Save this picture!© John Horner PhotographyCasework and detailing continue the conversation between hers and his (cloud and stack). His casework was literally conceived as stacked volumes slowly spreading and transforming from closed cabinets to open shelves. On her side the casework continues the stack abstractly, modified with glass doors and a more monolithic expression. Save this picture!© John Horner PhotographyCloud wanders through both spaces and negotiates between the two sides. Her bedroom is a nest, gently embraced in cloud; on his side cloud pushes through stack, tempering the long mdf and steel living room wall. Save this picture!© John Horner PhotographyThe architectural spaces of the double lofts are designed to support and represent the independent arrangements of this couple. The opposing elements (cloud and stack) provide a language for the two individual and intertwined lives.Save this picture!ModelProject gallerySee allShow lessSCI-Arc Fall 2011 Lectures & ExhibitionsArticlesUrban Reserve 22 / Vincent Snyder ArchitectsArticlesProject locationAddress:Providence, RI, USALocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share ArchDaily Projects “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/157002/paschke-danskin-double-loft-3six0-architecture Clipboard United States Paschke Danskin Double Loft / 3six0 ArchitectureSave this projectSavePaschke Danskin Double Loft / 3six0 Architecture CopyLoft•Providence, United States Save this picture!© John Horner Photography+ 23 Sharecenter_img 2009 Loft Year: Paschke Danskin Double Loft / 3six0 Architecture Architects: 3six0 Architecture Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/157002/paschke-danskin-double-loft-3six0-architecture Clipboard Photographs CopyAbout this office3six0 ArchitectureOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingLoftProvidenceInteriorsResidentialRefurbishmentUnited StatesPublished on August 15, 2011Cite: “Paschke Danskin Double Loft / 3six0 Architecture” 15 Aug 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogAluminium CompositesTechnowoodWood Siding in KSR Villa BodrumWindowsMitrexSolar WindowMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalVentilated / Double Skin FacadeSTAC BONDAssembly Systems – GluedLightsLouis PoulsenLamps – LP Slim BoxUrban ApplicationsIsland Exterior FabricatorsPublic Safety Answering Center II Envelope SystemPodsTrimoModular Space SolutionsHanging LampsAxolightPendant Lights – HoopsStonesFranken-SchotterFlooring and Wall Tiles – Dietfurt LimestoneVentilated / Double Skin FacadeULMA Architectural SolutionsPaper Facade Panel in Nokia LibraryCabinetsburgbadWall Cabinet – Sys30AcousticUnika VaevAcoustics – Ecoustic® Foliar TileMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?Paschke Danskin Double Loft是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Albizia House / Metropole Architects

first_img 2013 Year: “COPY” CopyHouses•Simbithi Eco Estate, South Africa CopyAbout this officeMetropole ArchitectsOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSimbithi Eco EstateHousesSouth AfricaPublished on October 14, 2013Cite: “Albizia House / Metropole Architects” 14 Oct 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPartitionsSkyfoldChoosing the Skyfold Wall for Your SpaceGlass3MGlass Finish – FASARA™ GeometricShower ColumnshansgroheShoulder ShowersPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesMorin Corp.Metal Wall Systems – ExposedStonesCosentinoSurfaces – Dekton® Stonika SeriesConcrete FloorsSikaIndustrial Floor CoatingsHanging LampsLouis PoulsenPendant Lights – KeglenDoorsSky-FrameInsulated Sliding Doors – Sky-Frame SlopeThermalSchöckMinimizing Thermal Bridges in BalconiesWindowspanoramah!®ah! Ultra MinimalistEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreWork ChairsDynamobelWork Chair – SLAT 16More products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Houses South Africa ArchDaily Save this picture!© Grant Pitcher+ 54 Share 2013 Area: 1000 m² Area: 1000 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project photographs: Grant PitcherPhotographs: Grant PitcherStructural Engineers:Young & SathariaDesign Engineer:Rob YoungStructural Technician:Terry SchubachInterior Designers:Union 3Main Contractor:East Coast ConstructionPrincipal:Justin RosewarneProject Manager:Benno TerblancheSite Foreman:Tony MoodleyDesign Architect:Nigel TarbotonProject Architect:Tyrone ReardonProject Technician:Chris LairdCity:Simbithi Eco EstateCountry:South AfricaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Grant PitcherText description provided by the architects. We were commissioned to design a contemporary family home on a one acre site, situated at the end of a spur, in Simbithi Eco-Estate. The client’s brief called for a home with an overriding sense of simplicity but with a high degree of sophistication.Save this picture!© Grant PitcherAll the living areas and bedroom suites face onto a panoramic vista, which includes a dense forest down-slope from the house.Save this picture!© Grant PitcherThe palette of natural materials including timber screens, decking and cladding, off-shutter concrete and stone cladding juxtapose with the aggressive architectural form making, creating a home that is not only visually and spatially exciting, but also comfortable and intimate.Save this picture!© Grant PitcherThe extensive use of water in the design of the home includes a 25 metre lap pool with a glass panel between the water and the basement cinema room, and a shallow but expansive reflective pond on the approach side, which mirrors the building day and night, and evokes a sense of tranquility.Save this picture!© Grant PitcherThe architectural style of the home is heavily influenced by the ‘Googie’ architecture of the American architect John Lautner. The origin of the name ‘Googie’ dates to 1949, when architect John Lautner designed the West Hollywood coffee shop, ‘Googies’, which had distinct architectural characteristics.Save this picture!© Grant Pitcher‘Googie’ architecture is a form of modern architecture and a subdivision of futurist architecture with stylistic conventions influenced by, and representing 50’s American society’s fascination and marketing emphasis on futuristic design, car culture, jets, the Space Age, and the Atomic Age.Save this picture!© Grant Pitcher‘Googie’ was also characterized by design forms symbolic of motion, including upswept roofs, curvaceous geometric shapes, and the bold use of glass, steel and neon, the spirit of which is embodied in Albizia House.Save this picture!PlanProject gallerySee allShow lessBeyond the Tent: Why Refugee Camps Need Architects (Now More than Ever)ArticlesPublic School 158 Bayard Taylor Library / A*PT ARCHITECTUREArticles Share Year: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/437681/albizia-house-metropole-architects Clipboard Albizia House / Metropole ArchitectsSave this projectSaveAlbizia House / Metropole Architects Photographs Architects: Metropole Architects Area Area of this architecture project Albizia House / Metropole Architects Projects “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/437681/albizia-house-metropole-architects Clipboardlast_img read more

Precision Agriculture Co. Partners with Non-GMO Seed Firm to Collect Data

first_img Wheat ZWN21 (JUL 21) 680.75 -3.00 By Gary Truitt – Mar 29, 2017 Precision Agriculture Co. Partners with Non-GMO Seed Firm to Collect Data SHARE Battle Resistance With the Soy Checkoff ‘Take Action’ Program Purdue Research Park-based Spensa Technologies Inc. is expanding its footprint. The precision agriculture company has reached an agreement with Linden-based non-GMO seed company Spectrum Seed involving pest population data collection throughout the Corn Belt.Growers in territories from the Dakotas to Ohio will be able to access Spensa Technologies’ Z-Trap system and Trapping Insights data. Spectrum Seed Chief Executive Officer Josh Richey says “we are thoroughly impressed with Spensa’s commitment to excellence and their novel approach to an innovative combination of crop protection insight and solutions. The Z-Trap is a step change in active pest monitoring.”The companies say the partnership will help growers use insecticides more efficiently. Facebook Twitter Corn ZCN21 (JUL 21) 684.50 -14.50 Name Sym Last Change Soybean ZSN21 (JUL 21) 1508.50 -35.50 Feeder Cattle GFQ21 (AUG 21) 151.18 2.78 Minor Changes in June WASDE Report Facebook Twitter Previous articleEthanol Production Hits 7 Week HighNext articlePlanting Will Begin Early in Southern Indiana, Weather Permitting Gary Truitt RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR How Indiana Crops are Faring Versus Other States Home Indiana Agriculture News Precision Agriculture Co. Partners with Non-GMO Seed Firm to Collect Data Live Cattle LEM21 (JUN 21) 118.70 1.13 All quotes are delayed snapshots SHARE Lean Hogs HEM21 (JUN 21) 122.68 0.22 STAY CONNECTED5,545FansLike3,961FollowersFollow187SubscribersSubscribelast_img read more

Wave of Kurdish arrests of Syrian journalists

first_img The latest victim is Ahmad Soufi, a reporter for the Kurdish TV channel ARK TV, who was arrested at a checkpoint near the village of Banah Qasr, in Hasakah province, on 1 March. It is not yet known why he was arrested or where he is being held. According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR), his family has been notified of his arrest but has not been able to talk to him because his phone has been confiscated.Soufi was the third journalist to be arrested by Kurdish forces in the space of five weeks. According to the Euphrates Post news site, the photographer Ali Saleh Al-Wakka was arrested by the SDF on 5 February after questioning the coordinator of a US-led international delegation while he was covering its visit to a hospital being rebuilt in Hajin, a town in Deir ez-Zor province. His family has had no news of him since then and the reason for his arrest is still unknown. Freelance reporter Fanar Mahmoud Tami was arrested by Kurdish forces in the city of Qamishli on 25 January after posting criticism of the SDF on Facebook. His family said he was captured by masked men who took him away in a jeep. He was finally released without any explanation on 11 February.“The increase in arrests in the Kurdish zone in recent weeks is concerning,” said Sabrina Bennoui, the head of RSF’s Middle East desk. “And it’s all the more worrying because the arrests often take the form of enforced disappearances for no clear reason and without the families being notified. We call for the release of all reporters currently held by the authorities.”Syria is ranked 174th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2020 World Press Freedom Index. Receive email alerts Damascus TV presenter arrested under cyber-crime law Toll of ten years of civil war on journalists in Syria Organisation News March 12, 2021 Find out more February 3, 2021 Find out more SyriaMiddle East – North Africa Condemning abusesProtecting journalists Armed conflictsImprisoned to go further News Follow the news on Syria SyriaMiddle East – North Africa Condemning abusesProtecting journalists Armed conflictsImprisoned News December 28, 2020 Find out more March 8, 2021 Wave of Kurdish arrests of Syrian journalists News Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is alarmed by an increase in arrests of journalists by the Syrian Democratic Forces, the Kurdish-led coalition of militias that controls part of northern Syria. The SDF has arrested three reporters in the past few weeks, RSF said, calling for the release of those still held. RSF_en RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” Help by sharing this information last_img read more

Tigo Welcomes Jurgen Krehnke as Chief Commercial Officer

first_img Facebook Tigo Welcomes Jurgen Krehnke as Chief Commercial Officer Twitter Facebook WhatsApp Pinterest Pinterest Previous articleIn Israel and beyond, virus vaccines bring political powerNext articleJuniper Research: Smart Traffic Management to Significantly Reduce Congestion and Emissions; Saving Cities $277 Billion by 2025 Digital AIM Web Supportcenter_img Local NewsBusiness By Digital AIM Web Support – February 22, 2021 CAMPBELL, Calif.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 22, 2021– Tigo Energy, Inc., the solar industry worldwide leader in Flex MLPE (Module Level Power Electronics) today announced that Jurgen Krehnke has joined as its new Chief Commercial Officer. Mr. Krehnke brings more than 25 years of sales, marketing, and general management experience to the Tigo Executive Team. Jurgen is a veteran of the renewable energy industry in a variety of leadership capacities and continues to serve as Director, Solar Electric Industry Association, and as Chairman of the Utility Solar Project Division. Previously, as Chief Executive Officer at Sunfolding, Inc. he successfully raised Series A and B funding and helped establish the company as a serious industry player, winning awards such as “Bloomberg New Energy Pioneer” along the way. As Chief Executive for KACO New Energy Inc. he created over one hundred green manufacturing jobs in San Antonio, Texas. As President of SMA Solar Technology America, LLC he grew revenues to hundreds of millions of dollars in North America while establishing US manufacturing and a nation-wide service organization. “Jurgen has grown revenue at every company where he has served,” stated Zvi Alon, Chairman and CEO of Tigo. “I welcome such an experienced general manager to the Tigo leadership team as we continue to strengthen our position with loyal partners and installers while expanding into new markets with a complete software and hardware energy solution.” Mr. Krehnke will own partner and customer relationships worldwide across module makers, inverter suppliers, distributors, installers, and end consumers. He is chartered with planning and executing an ambitious growth plan that builds upon an incredibly successful 2020. His hiring represents further investment to scale the company while providing more complete products and services for PV installers across the seven continents that Tigo serves. “Tigo is one of the original pioneers and leader in Module Level Power Electronics and has reached a pivotal point in time,” stated Mr. Krehnke. “The company has built a strong brand throughout the world and is ready to grow in all directions. I am pleased to work side-by-side with Zvi and the Executive Team as we take on the next phase of development, serving customers with highly innovative systems solutions.” Jurgen’s education includes an M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from Technical University Braunschweig, Germany. He also attended Executive Education Programs at Stanford. He works out of the Silicon Valley, California Tigo headquarters. About Tigo Tigo is the worldwide leader in flexible module level power electronics (MLPE) with innovative solutions that significantly increase energy production, decrease operating costs, and enhance safety of photovoltaic (PV) systems. Tigo’s TS4 platform maximizes the benefit of PV systems and provides customers with the most scalable, versatile, and reliable MLPE solution available. Tigo was founded in Silicon Valley in 2007 to accelerate the adoption of solar energy worldwide. Tigo systems operate on 7 continents and produce gigawatt hours of reliable, clean, affordable and safe solar energy daily. Tigo’s global team is dedicated to making the best MLPE on earth so more people can enjoy the benefits of solar. Visit us at www.tigoenergy.com. View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210222005157/en/ CONTACT: Media Contact for Tigo John Lerch 408.402.0802 x430 [email protected] KEYWORD: UNITED STATES NORTH AMERICA CALIFORNIA INDUSTRY KEYWORD: ENGINEERING ALTERNATIVE ENERGY ENERGY MANUFACTURING SOURCE: Tigo Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/22/2021 10:00 AM/DISC: 02/22/2021 10:01 AM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210222005157/enCopyright Business Wire 2021. Twitter WhatsApp TAGS last_img read more

[Resettlement-Accord For Bru Community] ‘Matter Predominantly Socio-Political In Nature; Will Intervene At The Appropriate Stage’, Tripura HC [Read Order]

first_imgNews Updates[Resettlement-Accord For Bru Community] ‘Matter Predominantly Socio-Political In Nature; Will Intervene At The Appropriate Stage’, Tripura HC [Read Order] Sparsh Upadhyay2 Oct 2020 1:59 AMShare This – xThe Tripura High Court on Monday (28th September) heard a Public Interest Petition, wherein the Counsel for the petitioner submitted before the Court, the concerns and anxiety of the petitioners regarding the full implementation of the resettlement accord of the displaced Bru community.The Bench of Chief Justice Akil Kureshi and Justice S. Talpatra prima facie observed that the issues raised…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Tripura High Court on Monday (28th September) heard a Public Interest Petition, wherein the Counsel for the petitioner submitted before the Court, the concerns and anxiety of the petitioners regarding the full implementation of the resettlement accord of the displaced Bru community.The Bench of Chief Justice Akil Kureshi and Justice S. Talpatra prima facie observed that the issues raised by the Counsel for the petitioner are predominantly socio-political in nature.Further the Court remarked,”If at any stage, we find that the role of the Court in bringing about smooth implementation of the accord has arisen, we may consider intervening at the appropriate stage.” (emphasis supplied)For the time being, the matter was listed for further hearing on 07.12.2020.About The Bru CommunityThe Brus, aka Reangs, are spread across Tripura, Mizoram and southern Assam. In Mizoram, they are scattered in Kolasib, Lunglei and Mamit districts. While many Brus of Assam and Tripura are Hindu, the Brus of Mizoram converted to Christianity over the years.Clashes in 1995 with the majority Mizos led to the demand for the removal of the Brus, perceived to be non-indigenous, from Mizoram’s electoral rolls.This led to an armed movement by a Bru outfit, which killed a Mizo forest official in October 1997. The retaliatory ethnic violence saw more than 40,000 Brus fleeing to adjoining Tripura where they took shelter in six relief camps. (Source – The Hindu)Resettlement-Accord Of Bru CommunityThrough this accord, Bru tribals, who are originally from Mizoram, and were living as refugees in Tripura since the year 1997, have been allowed to permanently settle in the State of Tripura (in case they wish to). This agreement would allow 30,000-35,000 Bru tribals to permanently settle in the state of Tripura.A quadripartite agreement was signed in New Delhi on January 16 2020, among the Bru leaders, the Governments of India, the State of Tripura, and the State of Mizoram. This agreement will give the Brus, the choice of living in either of the states (Mizoram or Tripura).Click Here To Download Order[Read Order]Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

The Kesavananada Anniversary:Basic Structure Doctrine

first_imgColumnsThe Kesavananada Anniversary:Basic Structure Doctrine V.Sudhish Pai23 April 2021 11:38 PMShare This – xApril 24 marks the anniversary of the Kesavananda Bharati judgment enunciating the doctrine of basic structure. It is appropriate to dwell upon it and remember and light the memory of its most accomplished champion, Nani Palkhivala. The objective of the Constitution makers inspired by the freedom movement was to usher in an egalitarian society by bringing about socio-economic reforms. Agrarian reforms were high on the Government’s agenda. With this end in view land reforms legislation was brought. This came into conflict with the fundamental right to property, as it then obtained. Courts declared as unconstitutional land reforms laws as offending the right to property. The judiciary appeared as the stumbling block on the road to social reconstruction. The political executive had to respond keeping in view its promises and the public sentiment. Parliament, which was then the Provisional Parliament till the first general election in 1952 and comprising the same persons who were members of the Constituent Assembly enacted the Constitution 1st Amendment in 1951. It introduced Arts 31A and 31B into the Constitution to shield agrarian reforms and other nationalization schemes against attack on the ground of inadequacy of compensation. It also brought in the device of Schedule IX which immunized all laws included therein from any challenge on the ground that it infringes any of the fundamental rights. It is a historical truth that some of the purposes and objectives of the Constitution would have been delayed or defeated but for this amendment. In Sankari Prasad vs. Union of India (AIR 1951 SC 458) the Court held that Parliament’s constituent power certainly included the power to amend fundamental rights and ‘law’ in Art 13 refers only to ordinary legislation and not constitution amendments. “To make a law which contravenes the Constitution constitutionally valid is a matter of constitutional amendment, and as such it falls within the exclusive power of Parliament.” We first come across the idea in the context of a constitution and constitutional amendment in the judgment of Cornelius, CJ of Pakistan in Fazlul Quadar Chowdhry vs Muhd.Abdul Haque (PLD 1963 SC 486) where he took the view that though the Pakistan President under the 1956 Constitution of Pakistan was empowered to remove difficulties, he had no power to remove a fundamental feature of the Constitution. The power would not extend to altering the fundamental features. Sankari Prasad was followed in Sajjan Singh vs. State of Rajasthan (AIR 1965 SC 845), but doubts about that legal position were expressed by Hidayatullah and Mudholkar, JJ. Hidayatullah, J. said that fundamental rights are not the playthings of a majority. Mudholkar, J. observed whether the basic features of the Constitution should be given a permanency; and whether making a change in a basic feature can be regarded merely as an amendment or would it be, in effect, rewriting a part of the Constitution. Almost immediately in February 1965, Prof. Dieter Conrad, Head of the Department of Law, South Asia Institute of the University of Heidelberg, West Germany delivered a lecture on Implied Limitations on the Amending Power to the Law Faculty of Banaras Hindu University. Our great constitutional lawyer M.K.Nambyar borrowed this from the Professor and presented it to the Supreme Court in Golak Nath case. The Court, however, did not express any opinion in that regard and decided the case on a narrower basis in February 1967- Golak Nath vs State of Punjab (AIR 1967 SC 1643). There was also an article by Prof. Conrad- Limitation of Amendment Procedures and the Constituent Power (India Year Book of International Affairs XV-XVI 1966-67). The seed that was planted by Dr. Conrad, adopted in the arguments of the redoubtable Nambyar in Golak Nath was brought to flower and fruition by the impassioned advocacy and forensic brilliance of Nani Palkhivala in Kesavananda Bharati vs State of Kerala (AIR 1973 SC 1461). In Golak Nath it was held 6:5 that Parliament had no power to take away or abridge any fundamental right and ‘law’ in Art13 included a Constitution amendment and therefore the inhibitions/limitations in Art 13(2) applied to that also. The stage was then set for the biggest and most significant constitutional case in India’s history- the largest bench hearing for the maximum number of days and writing the longest judgment -Kesavananda Bharati vs State of Kerala (AIR 1973 SC 1461). The challenge was to the Constitution 24th, 25th and 29th Amendments. By the Constitution 29th Amendment the Kerala Land Reforms laws were included in Schedule IX. The Court was faced with an unenviable task. The Golak Nath judgment appeared to have laid down too wide and too wild a proposition which was clearly unsupportable and had to go. The Court wanted to save the Constitution from, what was alleged and the majority of the Court also believed to be, onslaughts on the Constitution. Over a period of time many laws were included in Schedule IX, rather indiscriminately. It is against the backdrop of the foregoing that the issue of the basic structure of the Constitution arose and the Court dexterously evolved the basic structure doctrine which while holding that amendment to any part of the Constitution including Part III was permissible, sought to rein in that power by declaring that such amendment should not, however, destroy the basic features, framework or structure of the Constitution; what the basic structure is, is for the Court to decide as and when situations arise and cases present themselves. The purported view of the majority as signed by 9 of the 13 Judges on the Bench in Kesavananda was: “Art 368 does not enable Parliament to alter the basic structure or framework of the Constitution.” The special 13-Judge Bench declared the law in these terms, the challenge to various Constitution Amendments was repelled except that the second part of Art 31 C which made the declaration thereunder non-justiciable was held to be invalid as offending the basic structure. Khanna, J. whose judgment tilted the balance approvingly quoted Prof. Conrad: “Any amending body organized within the statutory scheme, howsoever verbally unlimited its power, cannot by its very structure, change the fundamental pillars supporting its constitutional authority.” For the first time in Kesavananda the Court by a slender majority of 7:6 declared that while Parliament had the power to amend every part of the Constitution including Fundamental Rights in Part III and there were no implied limitations on the amending power, the power did not extend to amending ‘the basic structure of the Constitution’, a term not found in the Constitution. No Court until then had asserted a power to annul a constitutional amendment on the basis of such a nebulous concept and one that originated from the Court itself- a judicial innovation and a bold one at that! Six judges held that the amending power was limited by various inherent and implied limitations, while six other judges held that there were no limitations on the amending power. Khanna, J. expressly rejected the theory of inherent or implied limitations and held the amending power was plenary, but the word ‘amendment’ by its limited connotation did not permit abrogating the Constitution and therefore subject to retention of the basic structure or framework of the Constitution, any part of it could be amended. Commenting on these developments, Granville Austin in his Working of a Democratic Constitution remarked: “The nine judges (who signed the summary of the Kesavananda judgment) seem to have performed an act of statesmanship, even of legerdemain. The Court mollified the Government by overruling Golak Nath and upholding the three amendments, in effect nearly returning to the Sankari Prasad case position, while preserving, indeed strengthening, its own power of judicial review. The history of Golak Nath is a cautionary tale of unintended consequences. The fears for civil liberty and for institutions of the Constitution that fed that decision’s rigid restrictions on amendment evoked amendments hazarding liberty and the Constitution- as their use during Mrs. Gandhi’s Emergency soon would demonstrate. The amendments, in their turn, produced Kesavananda which entrenched the Fundamental Rights- as even the Constituent Assembly had not done- while strengthening the courts under the Constitution.” The Kesavananda judgment salvaged something precious. This doctrine was accepted and applied in Indira Gandhi vs Raj Narain (AIR 1975 SC 2299). As Chandrachud, J. said the ratio of the majority in Kesavananda Bharati is that the power of amendment cannot be exercised so as to damage or destroy the essential features or basic structure of the Constitution, whatever those expressions may comprehend. And Minerva Mills vs Union of India (AIR 1980 SC 1789) stated the theme song of the majority in Kesavananda: “Amend as you may even the solemn document which the founding fathers have committed to your care, for you know best the needs of your generation. But the Constitution is a precious heritage, therefore you cannot destroy its identity.” This then is the genesis and purport of the basic structure doctrine. Thereafter the theory has been invoked and applied in many cases- some justifiably, some indiscriminately and sometimes wholly unjustifiably. When we try to understand and define basic structure and dwell upon the doctrine, difficulties arise. Is there a match between the label and the thing? To quote T.S.Eliot, “When a term has become so universally sanctified as ‘democracy’ now is, I begin to wonder whether it means anything in meaning too many things.” Perhaps, much the same can be said about the basic structure doctrine. The raison d’etre for the basic structure doctrine apparently is: Every measure or action-executive or legislative-has to conform to the limits set by the Constitution. It is open to challenge and judicial scrutiny on recognized grounds. A legislation can be assailed only on the ground of lack of legislative competence, violation of fundamental rights or any other constitutional limitations. The ultimate power and responsibility of law making vests in the legislature. But Parliament exercises not only legislative power. While acting under Art 368 Parliament exercises constituent power and the product of that exercise is an amendment to the Constitution which is not amenable to substantive challenge on any grounds of challenge to a legislation. It is to ensure that by the process of amendment the Constitution is not denuded of its core or made to suffer a loss of identity that the doctrine of basic structure has been judicially conceived and evolved as a substantive and only ground to challenge a constitutional amendment. Every exertion of constituent power, including the inclusion of laws in Schedule IX, after 24 April, 1973- the date of the Kesavananda judgment- is subject to judicial scrutiny and interference on the touchstone of the basic structure. It is to be applied wisely and cautiously in appropriate cases. Few constitutional issues, it is rightly said, can be presented in black and white, they are no matters of icy certainty. In law, particularly constitutional law, there are no absolutes. Differences of degree imperceptibly merge into differences of kind. But a trained judicial perception would be capable of discerning the nuances and which of the gradations make genuine difference. That alone is the real assurance for the proper use of the judicial power. The basic structure doctrine is the only substantive ground of attack against a constitutional amendment. It is unavailing as a ground of judicial review of legislation, and certainly not of executive action. That is the consistent trend of the Supreme Court decisions, whatever some untenable drift may suggest. The doctrine is wisely and well advisedly confined to such challenge. Otherwise it would open a Pandora’s box. It would pervert the constitutional scheme. Indeed it may not be wrong to say that invoking the basic structure doctrine to test the validity of ordinary legislation would amount to undermining and destroying the Constitution’s basic structure. As Krishna Iyer, J. picturesquely put it, “The constitutional fascination for the basic structure doctrine cannot be made a Trojan horse to penetrate the entire legislative camp.” By its very name and the reason that the basic structure doctrine is to ensure that the core of the Constitution is not destroyed or abrogated, basic structure and the touchstone of testing constitutional amendments is and must be what is contained in the original Constitution and not what is added later either by an amendment or judicial gloss or interpretation and whose legitimacy and correctness itself may be in serious doubt. The basic structure of the Constitution can only relate to what is contained in the Constitution. Thus when an amendment to the Constitution is challenged as damaging the basic structure, it would have to be tested with reference to what the Constitution originally said; and not with reference to judgments or later interpretations. Or else the basic structure will not be basic and firm but fluctuating. The expressions basic features, basic structure, basic framework have been interchangeably employed. For the first time Chelameswar, J. in his dissent in NJAC gave another dimension, and with respect rightly so, distinguishing basic features from basic structure or framework. The two expressions convey two different ideas. Basic features are the components of the basic structure. The basic structure of the Constitution is the sum total of the basic features. Either a particular article or set of articles can constitute a basic feature. Amendment of one or some of the articles constituting a basic feature may or may not result in the destruction of the basic structure. It all depends on the context. The basic features identified so far are not just constitutional provisions alone but also emanations. They may not be emanation of any single article, but concepts emanating from a number of articles each of them creating rights or obligations or both. They are referred to as elements. For example, democracy is a basic feature. It is based on universal adult franchise embodied in Art 326 which is an element of it. The prescription of a minimum age for exercising the right is a component. But an amendment varying the minimum age for exercising franchise will not be abrogative of the basic feature of democracy resulting in the destruction of the Constitution’s basic structure. As to when the abrogation of a particular basic feature can be said to destroy the basic structure depends upon the nature of the basic feature sought to be amended and the context of the amendment. There is no universally applicable test vis-à-vis all basic features. “In law context is everything.” All this, in a way, is really an elaboration of what was laid down in Indira Gandhi (AIR 1975 SC 2299), Waman Rao (AIR 1981 SC 271) and Bhim Singhji (AIR 1981 SC 234). Significantly, before any of these judgments way back in 1974 itself Palkhivala stated: The principle that the basic structure or framework of the Constitution cannot be altered gives a wider scope to the amending power than the principle that none of the essential features of the Constitution can be damaged or destroyed (see: Our Constitution Defaced and Defiled, p 149). The Kesavananda doctrine represents the high watermark of judicial innovation curtailing Parliament’s power of amending the Constitution on some vague, evolving concept incapable of definite or precise formulation giving the judiciary a unique power of nullifying constitutional amendments. The basic structure doctrine shifts the emphasis of democratic constitutionalism and alters the very foundation on which constitutional power is divided between the plenary amending body and the judiciary. Can it not be said that our Constitution as enacted failed to meet the aspirations of the nation? Land reforms and agrarian revolution were high on the political agenda during the freedom struggle. Did the constitutional provisions or some of them and the judicial interpretation thereof prove to be stumbling blocks on the road to this reform? Did that not necessitate and justify the Constitution First Amendment? To recall the words of a scholar, “….Conformity to the rule of law is not itself an ultimate goal. …After all the rule of law is meant to enable the law to promote social good. …Sacrificing too many social goals on the altar of the rule of law may make the law barren and empty.”[Joseph Raz, The Rule of Law and its Virtue (1977) 93 L Q R 195,211]. Successive judgments have simply proceeded on the basis that Kesavananda has held that an amendment to the Constitution cannot alter its basic structure. This has expanded in a manner which was perhaps never foreseen by its authors and as T.R. Andhyarujina said it is doubtful if even its ablest and most vocal exponent, Palkhivala really argued for this outcome when he espoused implied limitations on Parliament’s amending power. The doctrine has become a constitutional axiom and has passed into the currency of legal and political thinking. The basic structure doctrine is a product of its time and history. The doctrine is neither an unalloyed blessing nor an unmitigated disaster. Like many other tools it has to be judiciously and cautiously employed. It is a rare weapon to be used sparingly. Unjustified and indiscriminate invocation and application of the basic structure doctrine will itself be an abrogation of the Constitution’s basic structure. As held by the Supreme Court in Ambika Prasad Mishra vs State of Uttar Pradesh (AIR 1980 SC 1762), “It is fundamental that the nation’s Constitution is not kept in constant uncertainty by judicial review every season because it paralyses by perennial suspense all legislative and administrative action on vital issues deterred by the brooding threat of forensic blow up.” The basic structure doctrine prohibits amendment to the Constitution in such a manner that would destroy its basic structure or framework. What is basic and immutable is the all important issue. What is given by the Constitution can be taken away. But certain human rights and fundamental freedoms- like the right to life and liberty, human dignity and so on are not the gift of any law or Constitution; they are recognized by the Constitution, without such recognition, the Constitution itself would be incomplete. What is not a gift of the Constitution but is something which inheres in every person is immutable and beyond the reach of the constituent power. It is such rights or concepts which are basic and cannot be abrogated. That, however, is the position in any civilized society/polity even in the absence of the Kesavananda doctrine. Be that as it may, we will constantly remember Palkhivala and his stellar contribution to our constitutional jurisprudence. When comes such another? Age shall not weary him, nor the years condemn; at the going down of the sun and in the morning we will remember him. Views are PersonalTagsKesavananda Bharati Case #Basic Structure #Constitution of India #Palkhivala #Supreme Court Next Storylast_img read more

(Updated) Boy airlifted after being struck by car on Coddington Road

first_img Your Public Safety news is made possible with support from: center_img Kelsey O’Connor is the managing editor for the Ithaca Voice. Questions? Story tips? Contact her at [email protected] and follow her on Twitter @bykelseyoconnor. More by Kelsey O’Connor The crash involving a car and pedestrian was reported at 5:13 p.m. Wednesday on the 1000 block of Coddington Road near the border of Ithaca and Danby, according to the Tompkins County Dispatch Center. The stretch of road between German Cross and Burns Roads was closed briefly while the helicopter was landing, but has reopened as of 6:45 p.m.The boy appears to have been struck by the car while running across the road, according to New York State Police Trooper Aga Dembinska. The operator of the Prius is cooperating, police said, and no tickets have been issued at this time.A helicopter landed nearby at about 5:40 p.m. The boy was flown to SUNY Upstate Medical in Syracuse. Police did not have information on the injuries of the child but said he was conscious at the scene.Brooktondale Rescue, Bangs Ambulance, Slaterville and New York State Police are responding.The driver, who is a Brooktondale resident, is not receiving any tickets, state police said in a follow-up Thursday.Featured photo: The helicopter lands at the scene Wednesday afternoon. Photo courtesy of Kelley Moore. Tagged: crash, new york state police (Update 11:38 a.m. Thursday) — According to SUNY Upstate Medical, where the boy was airlifted, he is currently in “good condition” at the hospital. Also to correct the previous post, the boy is 9 years old, police said in an update Thursday.The driver, who is a Brooktondale resident, is not receiving any tickets, state police said in a follow-up Thursday.ITHACA, N.Y. — A 9-year-old boy was airlifted to a regional trauma center after being struck by a car on the 1000 block of Coddington Road near German Cross Road, according to New York State Police. Kelsey O’Connor last_img read more

Mardi Gras Gala Saturday night

first_img Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson Latest Stories Sponsored Content Email the author Skip Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration Book Nook to reopen By Jaine Treadwell Published 11:00 pm Tuesday, January 29, 2013 The Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies…center_img Mardi Gras Gala Saturday night Call it Carnival Season. Call it Mardi Gras. Call it Fat Tuesday. But no matter what you call it, a big time will be had by all.The Colley Senior Complex in Troy will host its annual Mardi Gras Gala on Saturday night at Cattleman Park and the tickets are going like hot cakes or, better still, like beignets.The Gala will feature an eight-piece band, First Generation from Atlanta, that plays everything from Motown to line dancing music.“First Generation is guaranteed to put on a good show,” said Catherine Jordan, Complex director. “But a good band show and dancing are just part of the fun of the Mardi Gras Gala. “The Gala is an informal event,” Jordan said. “Wear your jeans or a tux. It doesn’t matter. Just come and have a good time.”The Mardi Gras Gala will be from 7 p.m. until midnight Saturday at Cattleman Park. Tickets are $25 each or $500 for a reserved table for 10. For tickets, call 334-808-8500 or visit the Colley Senior Complex at 715 Elm Street in Troy. By The Penny Hoarder You Might Like Yard sale to benefit Miracle League Troy Parks and Recreation will sponsor an indoor yard sale Saturday to benefit the Miracle League Playground Project. The indoor… read more Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential HealthTop 4 Methods to Get Fortnite SkinsTCGThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day “We’ll have a variety of Cajun food including crawfish, jambalaya and the French Quarter’s signature beignets,” Jordan said. “The silent auction always generates a lot of interest and the bidding is very competitive but friendly.”Jordan said the silent auction will feature a weekend at Cabin in the Woods, a condo in Costa Rica and a shrimp boil.“We’ll have paintings by Ann Gilchrist, Mary Page, Susan Berry, Sergei Shillabeer and Mary Ann Casey, memorabilia from different colleges including Troy University, Auburn and Alabama,” Jordan said. “Other items of special interest will be a Waterford crystal eagle and an electric bistro grill. Of course, there will be many more items up for silent auction and the bidding should be heavy.”The Gala will also have a drawdown for a car. Three hundred tickets will be sold for $100 each and the last name drawn will be the winner of the car. There will be cash prizes for the second and third names that are left in the drawing. Print Articlelast_img read more

Man accused of kidnapping Ohio nurse shot dead during FBI rescue

first_imgkali9/iStockBy IVAN PEREIRA, ABC News(CUYOHOGA FALLS, Ohio) — A man accused of kidnapping a 45-year-old Cuyohoga Falls, Ohio, woman was killed by authorities during a successful rescue attempt at a Louisiana hotel Tuesday night.James Hawley, 47, of Cleveland, was shot as police and FBI agents closed in to arrest him. He also had been accused of shooting and killing Nichole Bronowski’s mother, Norma Matko, 69, who was found dead in her Barnesville, Ohio, home the same day her daughter was reported missing, authorities said.“The boots on the ground, and all of the cooperation that went up to the federal level, worked diligently … to bring this to a conclusion today,” Belmont County Sheriff David Lucas told reporters at a Wednesday news conference.Bronowski was reported missing on Thanksgiving, when officers discovered her mother’s body. FBI Assistant Special Agent Jeffrey Fortunato told reporters the nurse’s disappearance appeared to be a kidnapping.Searches of Hawley’s social media accounts revealed photos he posted of himself with guns, indicating he wanted to kill cops, Fortunato added.Investigators tracked the suspect to a hotel in Pineville, Louisiana, and deployed officers from Ohio and FBI agents from Louisiana.Fortunato said one FBI agent was shot during the incident and is recovering at a local hospital. No additional details about the tactics at the hotel were provided, and the matter is still under investigation, he added.Lucas said investigators are still trying to determine a motive but acknowledged that Bronowski and Hawley did have a past relationship. Lucas declined to provide additional details.“Everyone involved,” Lucas added, “they worked hard to put this to rest.”Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more