Editor’s Note: This is the first story in a two-part series examining the ways Native language and cultural identity are being kept alive by the students of Notre Dame. To learn more about their reflections on language and culture, explore these audio and visual clips.While Fr. Edward Sorin and the Congregation of Holy Cross were given the University’s land by the Bishop of Vincennes, this region of Northern Indiana was not uninhabited. “There’s a history of peace, art and culture on this spot that predates Fr. Sorin,” professor Brian S. Collier said. “When Fr. Sorin arrived, there was already a chapel here. The Pokagon Potawatomi was already worshiping here.” If anything, this is what Collier wants students to know about Notre Dame. Collier, a professor and historian with a Ph.D in Native American Studies, spends much of his time trying to ensure Native history does not become a thing of the past. Photo courtest of Alan Mychal Boyd NASAND co-president Alan Mychal Boyd (left) stands next to U.S. Representative Deb Haaland, who is one of two Native American women to ever be elected to U.S. Congress. Boyd and Haaland are pictured attending the Frank LaMere Native American Presidential Forum.Collier said Catholicism was the commonality that linked Sorin and Leopold Pokagon, the leader of the Pokagon Band of the Potawatomi. While it was originally the Pokagon’s ancestral land, Collier said because of this Catholic connection, the Pokagon and the Congregation of the Holy Cross were able to live in relative harmony together on the land. Since 2013, Collier has run the Native American Initiatives (NAI) program at Notre Dame which, he said, initially started as a “faculty book club” for faculty and staff with degrees in Native American history. Soon, however, the program grew to sponsoring community members to come speak on Native issues at Notre Dame. NAI also works with area students from the Pokagon Band of the Potawatomi. While the program works to support Native students, whether on campus or in the community, NAI also works as an outreach program for other students who are interested in Native history. Collier said that students often “wonder what they can do to support native causes.” The biggest thing, he said, is becoming aware of whose land they grew up on. “People should come to be aware that there’s been sequential immigration on this very land,” he said. “They’re not the first people there and they won’t be the last people there.” This awareness can translate to getting to know the Native students and Native student groups on campus. “Most people don’t really know we’re a thing,” Alan Mychal Boyd, a Notre Dame senior, said about the Native American Students Association of Notre Dame (NASAND). Boyd, who is the co-president of NASAND, said NASAND is not really supported by the University as a whole, but by the people who work within the University. “A lot of faculty and departments [at Notre Dame], especially the Multicultural Student centers, are awesome,” he said. “I think this is true for any native group on any campus — you have to find your support within certain parts of the University.”But, it can be hard for Native students to find support on campus, especially, Boyd said, since this year there are currently no native faculty that work with NASAND at the University.“That’s one thing that we’ve been really pushing and fighting for this past year…at least one Native faculty member would be amazing,” he said. “It’s important because, one, it shows that we’re here and that we have a person at the University who actually understands where we’re coming from as a whole. But, also, it just makes it so much easier to get things like a Native Studies minor or just better conditions.”The University has debated the induction of a Native American Studies minor for years. Boyd said that a Native American Studies minor would give Native students “a kind of authority,” and give them a chance to learn more about their own individual nations, as well as other Native nations. However, learning about Native nations can be a challenge, Boyd said, especially when so few classes choose to even address the history and contributions of Native nations and Indigenous Peoples. “So, any [class] that’s not specifically about Indigenous people usually doesn’t mention them whatsoever,” he said. “I think the most I got out of a class was our Intro to American Politics — it wasn’t in a lecture, it was in a textbook. All it was was one paragraph summarizing hundreds of years of civil rights and struggles with natives. It didn’t even mention that there were individual Native nations.” Over the years, this representational tension has only been exacerbated by the presence of the 12 Christopher Columbus murals on campus. On Jan. 20, however, it was announced that the University would be covering the murals. But yet, so far this year, the murals still remain uncovered. NASAND co-president junior Mikaela Murphy said that while ultimately she was happy with the decision to cover the murals, she would have appreciated more communication from the administration. “I am very happy with the decision that was made to cover the murals,” she said. “But I think it should have been something more permanent. I think President Jenkins should have thought about us when he made that public announcement without consulting us, because it led to us getting a lot of hate when we had nothing to do with the decision.”Paul J. Browne, the vice president of Public Affairs and Communication, said “Fr. Jenkins consulted widely before making a decision about the murals.” While discussions about the murals have all but stopped, Collier said he still finds it hard to tell prospective Native students about the murals. “From my own experience, when Native students come on tour and when they visit us, they always want to come inside the Main Building and I struggle with telling them about the murals,” he said. “I get some harsh reactions on why Notre Dame would have something like that. There is some potential harm to our larger community in placing them in such a prominent spot.” Boyd said he did not know Notre Dame had such murals until his third week on campus. Knowing about the murals as a prospective student might have impacted his decision to attend Notre Dame, he said. “I grew up in a culture where Columbus was a symbol of colonialism, a symbol of extermination and forced conversion and exploitation,” Boyd said. “So, I think, coming here and seeing [the Columbus murals] would have certainly affected my decision. Who people admire says a lot about them.”The lack of representation for Native and Indigenous people is a problem that persists not only in the tri-campus community, but in the country as well. However, some strides are being made towards inclusivity, specifically with the Frank LaMere Native American Presidential Forum held on Aug. 19 in Sioux City, Iowa. Boyd, and other students from NASAND, were able to attend the forum, which was the first of its kind to place focus on Native issues.Tags: Christopher Columbus murals, culture, Father Jenkins, Father Sorin, Heritage, Indigenous, NAI, NASAND, native, Native American
Construction begins on first utility-scale wind project in West Africa FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享CNBC:Ground has been broken on the development of West Africa’s “first utility-scale wind power project”, located in Senegal. The 158.7 megawatt (MW) Parc Eolien Taiba N’Diaye, or PETN, is set to be completed in 2020, according to renewable energy firm Lekela.The 46-turbine facility will use turbines from Danish company Vestas and will generate more than 450,000 megawatt hours of energy annually, boosting Senegal’s generation capacity by approximately 15 percent, Lekela said. The project will be built near the community of Taiba N’Diaye.“Senegal has been quick to embrace the idea and the advantages of renewable energy,” Chris Antonopoulos, Lekela’s CEO, said in a statement towards the end of last week.The International Renewable Energy Agency has described Africa as being rich in renewable sources of energy such as the wind and sun.Kenya, for example, is home to the Lake Turkana Wind Power project, which is made up of 365 wind turbines. The project has a total installed capacity of 310 MW and has been producing and sending electricity to Kenya’s national grid since September.More: Construction underway on West Africa’s ‘first utility scale wind farm’
Autumn in Chesapeake is magical. The air is crisp. Sunlight bounces off the water and people travel from far and wide for our farmers’ markets, wine festivals and art shows. Visitors and residents alike delight in some of the best kayaking and paddle boarding in the region – complete with 22 miles of waterways adorned in a rainbow of red, orange and gold. We’ve got corn mazes of every size to get lost in, a famous Ghost train in beautiful Northwest River Park (select weekends) – and eateries, craft beer and live music at every turn.The warm weather is perfect for hiking and biking your way through 8.5 miles of wildlife on the Great Dismal Swamp Canal Trail. You can even take an Adventure Kayak Tour through the sprawling Cyprus tree groves.Shoppers come to unearth buried treasure at an array of eclectic shops, while foodies imbibe on artisanal beers, fresh crab and more! And there’s an autumn event to suit every taste!Festive festivals:The Dismal Swamp Art FestivalOctober 27-28, 2018 | 10 a.m. – 4 p.m.At The Canal Trail of the Great Dismal Swamp Wildlife RefugeFree AdmissionExplore our local art and fill up on Brunswick stew, craft brews, hot apple cider and a host of harvest-themed activities!The Great American Food FestOctober 3, 2018 | Chesapeake City Park | 3 – 7 p.m.The 39th Annual Great American Food FestivalHosted by Chesapeake Sheriff’s Department Charities Inc. and the South Norfolk Ruritan Club.Come hungry and ready to have fun at this all-inclusive charity event featuring live entertainment, BBQ, and beer.Chesapeake Virginia Wine FestivalOctober 13, 2018 | Chesapeake City Park | Noon – 6 p.m.This favorite outdoor event features wine from 20 premier Virginia Wineries as well as craft beer, specialty food vendors, and live entertainment. Get your tickets here: https://www.cheswine.com/Farmers Markets and Pick-your-ownNo matter why you love fall, Chesapeake has you covered!Fan of a farmer’s market?Chesapeake City Park and Battlefield Park South host Farmers’ Markets every Wednesday and Saturday from 8 a.m. – 1 p.m.How about working farms?There are a number of working farms open to the public that offer produce, fresh honey, and seasonal fun like corn mazes, and pumpkin picking.Bergey’s Breadbasket Bakery & More offers fresh, delicious homemade ice cream from their very own cows. Children are invited to see the animals, explore their giant corn maze, take wagon rides and play in their sunflower patch. The fun begins mid-September at 2207 Mount Pleasant Road, Chesapeake, VA, 23322.Greenbrier Farms hosts the Oyster & South Festival – and hayrides, pumpkin picking, hiking and horseback riding. 225 Sin Pine Road, Chesapeake, VA, 23322.Lilley Farms has an enormous and challenging maze as well as fresh produce for picking, including pumpkins and squash. 2800 Tyre Neck Road, Chesapeake, VA, 23321Mount Pleasant Farms offers fresh farm eggs, raw local honey, sweet corn, baked goods, fresh dairy, and lots of pumpkins, gourds and squash. There’s also a petting zoo, corn maze, straw pile and playground. And beginning in October, wagon rides through the orchard. 2201 Mount Pleasant Road, Chesapeake, VA 23322Gum Tree Farm also provides petting zoos, fresh produce and pumpkins for purchase. 1900 Pocaty Road, Chesapeake, VA 23322.This autumn, leave your cares at home – and let the moments begin in Chesapeake.